1864 – US Cavalry troops, commanded by Colonel Chivington, massacre 150 unarmed Cheyenne and Arapahoe Indians at Sand Creek in Colorado.
1898 – Birth of writer CS Lewis in Belfast.
1907 – British nurse Florence Nightingale is presented with the Order of Merit by Edward VII of England for her work tending the wounded during the Crimean War.
1962 – Britain and France announce a joint agreement to design and build ‘Concorde’ – the world’s first supersonic airliner.
1965 – In Britain, housewife Mary Whitehouse begins her ‘Clean Up TV Campaign’ by setting up the National Viewers and Listeners’ Association to tackle ‘bad taste and irresponsibility’.
1995 – On his visit to the United Kingdom, US President Bill Clinton praises British Prime Minister John Major for his efforts to bring ‘peace’ in Northern Ireland.